SLAVERY AND THE REVOLUTION

Brookline's free men were eager to join the fight for independence.
On the night of April 17,1775 word came through William Dawes that the battle would take place at Lexington. Brookline's militia immediately set out. Three enslaved men were part of this militia, accompanying their owners.
The enslaved men were simply known as Adam, Peter and Prince. Their owners, respectively, were Isaac Gardner, Esq. Thomas White, Esq. and Joshua Boylston, Esq.

Of these three enslaved men, one lies buried in the Old Burying Ground. Of the second, we unfortunately have no further information. Of the third, we know only that four years after Lexington, he fled his owner's home and made himself a free man.


HONORING BROOKLINE'S THREE ENSLAVED MINUTEMEN

This image is of a plaque in the foyer of Brookline's Town Hall.
The names of the three enslaved minutemen appear at the bottom of the listing of Brookline's soldiers on April 19, 1775. They read:

Adam
Peter
Prince

Cemetery stone, honoring the enslaved Minuteman Adam

Adam is buried in the Walnut St Cemetery, Brookline. This inscription commemorates him and others.

TWENTY DOLLARS REWARD

Ran-away from the subscriber on 18th of November last, a Negro man named PRINCE, about 27 years of age, 5 feet 2 inches high, had men's clothes on when he Ran-away.
All Masters of Vessels and others, are cautioned against harbouring or concealing said Negro, as they would avoid the Penalty of the Law.
N.B. It is supposed said Negro is gone to Salem, in order to go Privateering.

Brooklyne, Nov. 30
JOSHUA BOYLSTON Continental Journal, 1779

Prince takes his own freedom two years after the Battle of Lexington.

The text to the left is an ad placed by his 'owner'.



Read a 1773 Town Meeting resolution deploring English rule for "bringing Americans into slavery".